Hindi Quotes About Success
Hindi Quotes About Time
Hindi Quotes About Learning
New Year Greetings In Hindi
Some Other Hindi Quote
Learn and use these Hindi quotes in your Hindi conversation.
Hindi Grammar Tree is presented below in a simple form. Just read it to find similarity with English/your native language. Do not worry if you're unable to understand it right now. You can learn it subsequently along with your Hindi lessons.
Ling (Gender) - In Hindi, there are only two types. These are
Vachan (Number) - These are of two types.
Karak (Case) - These are of eight types.
Pronouns in Hindi language are of five types:
Similar to declenation of nouns, a pronoun also has two Vachan; and eight Karak (case).
These are of four types. The grammar tree is given below.
|Gun Vachak (Quality)||Sankhya Vachak (Numeral)||Pariman Vachak (Quantity)||Sanket Vachak (Demon strative)|
|1. Gun (good quality) |
2. Dosh (bad quality)
3. Rang (color)
4. Kal (tense)
5. Disha (direction)
6. Aakar (shape)
7. Dasha (condition)
8. Sthan (place)
|1. Nishchit visheshan (definite) - of four types |
|1. Nishchit |
|Points towards noun objects.|
There are three stages of comparison in Hindi Visheshan.
|Bhoot Kal (Past tense) -6 Types||Vartman Kal(Present tense) -3 Types||Bhavishya kal (Future tense) -2 Types|
|1. Samanya Bhoot(Past Indefinite) |
2. Aasann Bhoot(Past Imminent)
3. Apurn Bhoot(Past Continuous)
4. Purna Bhoot(Past Perfect)
5. Sandigdh Bhoot(Past Doubtful)
6. Hetuhetumad Bhoot(Past Conditional)
|1. Samanya Vartman (Present Indefinite) |
2. Apurn Vartman(Present Continuous)
3. Sandigdh Vartman (Present Doubtful)
|1. Samanya Bhavishya (Future Indefinite) |
2. Sambhabya Bhavishya (Future Conditional or Doubtful)
These are of three types -
These are of four types -
These words relate noun/pronoun to other words in a sentence. Some examples are:
Underlined words are sambandh-bodhak or preposition Hindi words.
These are used to join words, phrase or sentences. Their types and some examples are given below:
Some words that show various moods are:
|Hersh (Happiness)||Ahaa!, Aahaa!, Wah!, Wah-wah!|
|Shok (Sadness)||Haay!, Aah!, Oh!, Uff!, Afsos!|
|Vismay (Surprise)||Arre!, Kya!, Sach!, Baap Re!, Hain!|
|Krodh (Anger)||Hut!, Chal!, Dur Ho!, Abe!, Kyon!|
|Tirskaar (Condemn)||Chhih!, Dhikkaar!, Dhat!|
|Vedana (Pain)||Haay Re!, Baap Re!, Haay Mar Gaya!|
|Prashansa (Praise)||Waah!, Dhanya!, Khoob!, BahutAchchhe!|
|Sweekriti (Consent)||Achcha!, Theek!, Bahut Achchha!|
English equivalents shown here on this Hindi grammar page are only to convey meaning of words written in Hindi. They may not be exact translation.
There are a large number of Hindi quotes, idioms and proverbs mostly derived from languages like Sanskrit, Persian, and even English. Some of these are given here in this page.
Read and learn these Hindi quotes and then use them in your hindi conversation.
Learn and use these Hindi quotes in your Hindi conversation.
During year 2008, various Hindu festivals will be celebrated on the following dates.
Lohri/Makar Sankranti/Pongal 13-14 Jan
Lohri/Makar Sankranti/pongal are harvest festivals of India. It is celebrated on the 13th-14th of January every year.
Basant Panchami/Saraswati Puja 11Feb
Maha Shivratri 06 Mar
Holi 21-22 Mar
The festival of colors is celebrated on the last day of Falgun month which marks the end of winter season in India.
Holi is one of the main Hindu festivals, and is celebrated on the last day of Falgun month which marks the end of winter season in India.
Originally a festival to celebrate good harvests and fertility of the land, Holi is now a symbolic commemoration of a legend from Hindu mythology.
The preparations start a month in advance, while the actual celebration is spread over three days for three seperate events - Holika Dahan, Holi, and Parrewa.
Holika Dahan is based on a legend from Hindu Mythology. The story is of an arrogant king who resents his son Prahlada worshipping Lord Vishnu. He attempts to kill his son but fails each time. Finally, the king's sister Holika who is said to be immune to burning, sits with the boy in a huge fire. However, the prince Prahlada emerges unscathed, while his aunt burns to death. Holika Dahan commemorates this event from mythology, and huge bonfires are burnt on the eve of Holi as its symbolic representation.
Apart from the usual fun with coloured powder and water, Holi is marked by vibrant processions which are accompanied by folk songs, dances and a general sense of abandoned vitality.
Holi is an excuse for Indians to shed inhibitions and caste differences for a day of spring fever and Big Fun.
Teenagers spend the day flirting and making mischief in the streets; while adults extend the hand of peace, and everyone chases everyone else around, throwing brightly colored powder (gulal) and water over each other.
Marijuana-based bhang and thandai add to the uninhibited atmosphere.
Although Holi is observed all over the north, it's celebrated with special joy and zest at Mathura, Vrindavan, Nandgaon, and Barsnaa. These towns are associated with the immortal love of divine Krishna and Radha.
Baisakhi 13 Apr
Raksha Bandhan 16 Aug
On Raksha Bandhan day, sisters tie Rakhis (sacred threads) on their brothers' wrists to express their love. By accepting a Rakhi, a brother gladly takes on the responsibility of protecting his sister. Thus a frail thread of Rakhi binds brothers and sisters in an inseparable bond of love and trust.
Janmashtami 24 Aug
Janmastami is the birthday of Lord Krishna, the re-incarnation of Lord Vishnu who gave us the vital message of Bhagwad Gita - the guiding principles for every Hindu. Janmastami is observed on the eight day of the dark half (Krishna Paksh) of the month of Bhadrapad in the Hindu calendar. Usual practice in this religious celebration includes keeping fast, singing devotional songs (bhajan - kirtan) and offering prayers.
Ganesh Chaturthi 29 Sep
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesh on the fourth day (chaturthi) of the bright fortnight of the month of Bhadrapad in Hindu calendar.
It's a period of remembrance. Forefathers are remembered, paid homage, and donations made in their names.
Durga Puja 07-09 Oct-21 Oct
Durga Puja and Dussehra are based on legendry tales victory of good over evil.
Navratra (also called Navratri) commences on first day of the bright fortnight in Ashwin month of Hindu calender. The word "Nav-ratri" literally means nine nights in Sanskrit language. During these nine nights, nine forms of "Shakti"- a metaphor for the female divinity - are worshipped.
Navratri is divided into sets of three days to worship three different aspects of the supreme goddess. In the first three days, the goddess is invoked as a spiritual force called "Durga" in order to destroy our impurities, vices and defects. In the next three days, the goddess is worshipped as a giver of spiritual wealth, "Lakshmi" who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees inexhaustible wealth. The last three days are spent in worshipping "Saraswati" - the goddess of wisdom.
In order to have all round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects fo divine femininitity. hence the nine nights of worship. Many devotees observe fasts and prayers are offered. Nav-ratri period also gives an opportunity for introspection and purification.
The main events during this festival are-
It is celebrated on eighth day of the bright half of Aswin month. Ashtami is the day of the Saraswati or the deity of knowledge and learning. Children begin their school education, their art lessons or their career planning on this day and seek their elders blessings.
The tenth day of the bright half of Aswin month is celebrated as the day of victory to rejoice about Durga's triumph over the demon Mahishasura.
The idol of goddess Durga is immersed in water with much fan-fare. This marks the culmination of festivities.
Dussehra is celebrated to mark the victory of Rama the hero of the epic Ramayana, over Ravana, the king of Lanka.
In vast open spaces, Ramleela, the folk play with music and spontaneous dialogues, retelling the story of the life of Rama, are enacted till the wee hours. Songs are sung in praise of Rama and people in thousands witness this traditional theatre with its exaggerated costumes, jewellery, makeup and drama. Larger than life figures of Ravana and other demons are burnt with fireworks lighting up the sky.
The picture shows an effigy of Ten Headed King Ravana.
Dussera is also reminiscent of the end of the exile and banishment of the Pandava princes in the Mahabharata and their return with their weapons to reclaim their kingdom. In memory of this epic story, people in Maharashtra worship the implements of their professions and distribute the leaves of the Shami tree as gold and express their goodwill.
For Hindus Dussehra is one of most auspicious festivals of the year.
The Hindu calendar is based on the age of Lord Bramha, the Creator of Universe. The life span of Lord Bramha is 100 years. His age now is 51 years. Each day of Lord Bramha is designated by a Kalpa. Each Kalpa comprise of 14 Manus and each Manus consist of 71 Mahayug. 1000 such Mahayugs completes Lord Bramha's 1 day. At present, we are in the 28th Mahayug.
One Mahayuga comprises of :
1. Krutayug = (432,000 X 4) years
2. Tretayug = (432,000 X 3) years
3. Dwaparyug = (432,000 X 2) years
4. Kaliyug = (432,000 X 1) years
We are passing the Kaliyug today, which started in the year 3102 B.C.
The Yugas are further sub-divided into 60 year cycles. The current cycle began on March 30, 1987 and will end in April 2047.
The religious ritualistic activities are mainly based on the Lunar Calendar.
However, some regions of Bharat(India) follow the Solar Calendar.
Each month consists of 29 to 30 days, and is based on the phases of the moon. Each month is divided into two fortnights (paksha). Shukla Paksha (Sudi) ends with a Poornimaa (full moon), and Krushna Paksha (Vaadi) ends with a Amaavasyaa (New Moon). In some regions, (eg., Uttar Pradesh) the month starts with Krushna Paksha following Poornimaa, but for most regions of Bharat, the month starts with Shukla Paksha following Amaavasya.
The twelve months of the lunar year correspond to the following calender months and make up the six seasons (Ritu) :
2.Vaishakh (April-May) ............... Vasanta Ritu (Spring)
4.Aashaadh (June-July) ............... Greeshma (Summer)
6.Bhadrapad (August-September) ......... Varsha (Monsoon)
8.Kaartik (October-November) ......... Sharad (Autumn)
10.Paush (December-January) ......... Hemanta (Winter)
12.Phalgun (February-March) ........... Shishira (Dewey)
Adhika (Purushottam) Maas
Since the calendar is based on the phases of the moon, the twelve as above take 354 days, 8 hours and 34.28 seconds. This creates a difference of 10 days, 21 hours and 35.16 seconds from the actual solar year (365 days, 6 hours, 9.54 seconds)
When the accumulated difference exceeds 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2.865 seconds, an adjustment is made with a extra month (Adhika Maas), which carries the name of the previous or the next month, depending on the proximity of the month. Normally, seven extra months occur in 19 years.
This begins with Vernal Equinox, on or about March 21. The twelve months, known as the Saur Maas, correspond to the entry of the Sun into the signs of the Zodiac (Rashi).
The Twelve Rashi (Zodiac Signs)
1.Maysha (Aries) The Ram
2.Vrushabha (Taurus) The Bull
3.Mithuna (Gemini) The Twins
4.Karka (Cancer) The Crab
5.Simha (Leo) The Lion
6.Kanya (Virgo) The Maiden
7.Tula (Libra) The Scales
8.Vrushchika (Scorpio) The Scorpion
9.Dhanu (Sagittarius) The Bow
10.Makar (Capricorn) The Crab
11.Kumbha (Aquarius) The Pot
12.Meena (Pisces) The Fish
The first month of the lunar calendar - Chaitra, corresponds to the solar month Maysha. Maysha begins on or close to 12th day of April, and this day is celebrated as the New Year Day known as Vaishakhi or Yugadhi.
Makar Sankranta, which corresponds to the entry of the Sun into Makar Rashi, occurs on January 14 every year.
Each year (called the Samvatsar, Shaka or Samvat), normally consists of the 12 months except when there is a Adhik Maas (Additional Month).
The Shalivahan Shaka Samvat is based on the lunar calendar and the new year starts with Chaitra Maas (Shukla Paksha). This calendar is believed to have been initiated by King Shalivahan in the year 78 A.D.
The Vikram Era started with Raja Vikramaditya of Ujjain, following his victory over the Saka in 56 B.C. The new year begins with the first day of Kartik following Deepawali Amaavasya.
The Yudhisthir Shaka, which started approximately around 5500 B.C, is not very popular today.